Repairing Guides

how to repair automobile

by Drew Sanford Published 1 year ago Updated 1 year ago
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How to Repair Automotive A/C

  1. Freon Check. You will need a set of manifold gauges to check you freon pressure. ...
  2. Expantion Valve and Flushing. If you decide that the A/C system needs to be flushed in order to remove debris and oils you will need to remove the ...
  3. Compressor. If your compressor is leaking freon from the central o-ring seal or making clicking noises then its probably time to replace it.
  4. Vacuuming. It is important to change the drier each time the a/c system has been opened or loss of pressure has occurred.
  5. Filling the System. Once you are sure that the system can hold a vacuum for an hour you may proceed to filling the system with Freon.
  6. Leak Checking. Leak checking can be done with a leak checking device. You will need to hold the device up to any connection, compressor, condenser and the drier.
  7. Useful Tools. Here are two tools that can be useful when servicing air conditioners. The firsts one is a valve removal and installation tool.
  8. Did you make this project? Share it with us! We have a be nice policy. Please be positive and constructive.

Full Answer

What are the cheapest cars to repair?

These JDM Sports Cars Are Incredibly Cheap To Maintain

  • Mazda Miata (NB)
  • Subaru BRZ
  • Honda Civic Type R
  • Nissan 350Z
  • Subaru WRX STI
  • Mitsubishi Eclipse GSX
  • Mazda Miata (ND)
  • Toyota GT86
  • Honda Prelude
  • Toyota Celica

Should I Fix my Car or buy a new one?

As new and used vehicle transaction prices continue to hit record highs, many owners are asking themselves: “Should I fix my car ... a hasty car purchase. Generally speaking, it is almost always less expensive to repair a car than buy a new one.

What is the average cost to repair a car?

If you need to make the repairs but can’t afford it, you’ll want to investigate all your options:

  • Find out what other repair shops will charge for the same work and weigh the costs carefully. ...
  • Consider the financing or payment plans that many car dealerships and repair shops offer for car repairs. ...
  • Check into low-income grants or assistance, including from your church or local United Way chapter. ...

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Do it yourself auto repair?

Pricing and availability are subject to change. The brakes on your car are one thing you don't want to put off fixing. Luckily, with a little help from Larry Kosilla, you can do it yourself. Watch all of our Autoblog Wrenched videos for more tips on how to diagnose, fix and modify cars from professional detailer Larry Kosilla.

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How can I learn to repair my car?

0:332:16Learn How To Fix Your Own Car - YouTubeYouTubeStart of suggested clipEnd of suggested clipBut there's an easier way of getting inside my head to learn how to fix your car it's on theMoreBut there's an easier way of getting inside my head to learn how to fix your car it's on the internet just go to google and type in Scottie Kilmer.

What are the most common auto repairs?

The Top 9 Most Common Car RepairsOil Change and Oil Filter Replacement. ... Windshield Wipers and Fluid. ... Air and Cabin Filter Replacement. ... Scheduled Maintenance. ... Tire Replacement. ... Battery Replacement. ... Brake Repair. ... Coolant System Services.

What are the easiest things to fix on a car?

10 Easy DIY Car Repairs and Maintenance Projects to Save You MoneyBrake Pads. Brake pads can cost between $35 and $150. ... Battery. Battery replacement is a simple process. ... Oil Change. You change your oil with a racket, wrench, and funnel. ... Spark Plugs. ... Windshield Wipers. ... Headlight/Tail Light Bulbs. ... Tire Maintenance. ... Air Filters.More items...•

What are the three C's of vehicle repair?

When it comes to finding a reliable auto repair shop, what matters most? According to a recent AAA survey, people said they look for the 3 C's – confidence, cost and convenience – when deciding where to go for routine car maintenance.

What are 10 basic car repairs you should know?

10 Basic Car Repairs Everyone Should KnowChanging oil. ... Changing a flat tire. ... Changing spark plugs. ... Removing scratches from paint. ... Changing a car battery. ... Replacing a headlight or taillight. ... Replacing wipers. ... Replacing air filters.More items...

What is basic car maintenance?

What does regular car maintenance include? On a regular basis, you should bring your car in for a car tune up as well as replace consumable items such as motor oil, radiator coolant, brake fluid, power steering fluid, wiper blades and brake pads.

Is it hard to fix your own car?

Even if you aren't an expert on cars, you can accomplish most basic maintenance and repair work on your own. Replace a worn distributor cap, for instance, to maintain the car's electrical power. With a few basic tools, the fuel filter and air filter are also easy to swap out to ensure your car continues to run well.

Is fixing a car hard?

Repair, however, is not as simple as falling into a new engine (which, in itself, is a difficult procedure). Depending on the amount of mileage racked up on your old engine, you may need to replace some of the connecting parts which have also accumulated mileage, such as the transmission.

What is the cheapest car to maintain?

Cars with the Lowest 10 Year Maintenance CostsToyota Prius.Toyota Yaris.Toyota Corolla.Toyota Prius Prime.Toyota Camry.Toyota Avalon.Honda Fit.Mitsubishi Mirage.More items...

How do I write a service repair order?

2:508:38HOW TO WRITE A BETTER REPAIR ORDER - YouTubeYouTubeStart of suggested clipEnd of suggested clipThe cause is your documentation. Of what you did to diagnose the problem. You need to include theMoreThe cause is your documentation. Of what you did to diagnose the problem. You need to include the research path. Whether you looked at tech tips or TSB. Stuff like that you also need to document.

What tool would most likely be used to remove a brake line?

The best tool for removing the fitting is a flare nut wrench. This is an open-ended wrench with five sides for gripping rather than three. Slip the appropriate-sized wrench over the line and slide it down to the nut. Then carefully apply pressure in a counter-clockwise direction.

What is the most common type of hammer used in an automotive shop?

The ball peen hammer is a style used in lots of automotive work. Most hammers used in auto repair are machinist hammers. These include the ball peen hammer, cross peen hammer and straight peen hammer. The peen is the shaped end of the hammer's head.

What are the most common problems with cars?

To reduce the potential for breakdown, and expensive repairs, we've listed the 12 most common car problems that tend to pop up.Warning Lights. ... A Sputtering Engine. ... Poor Fuel Economy. ... Dead Battery. ... Flat Tires. ... Brakes Squeaking or Grinding. ... Alternator Failure. ... Broken Starter Motor.More items...•

What are the most expensive things to repair on a car?

The 10 Most Expensive Car RepairsEngine and Cylinders – $7,000 to $10,000.Hybrid Car Battery – $6,000. ... Transmission – $4,000 to $5,000. ... Airbags – $2,500 to $4,000. ... Suspension – $2,500 to $3,500. ... Camshaft – $1,500 to $3,000. ... Head Gasket – $2,000. ... Catalytic Converter – $1,500. ... More items...

What does a full service include on a car?

Checks during a car service can include the engine oil, oil filter, lights, tyres, bodywork, exhausts, brakes, steering, fluid and coolant levels, suspension and 12V battery.

What are some examples of mechanical issues?

5 Common Mechanical Problems Leading to Car AccidentsFaulty Brakes. Brake failure is one of the common mechanical defects that can lead to automobile accidents. ... Tire Blow Outs. ... Faulty Steering Systems and Suspensions. ... Faulty Headlights and Taillights. ... Malfunctioning Wipers.

How to fix a flat tire?

Make sure the vehicle is on a flat, solid (paved) surface and that you’re in a safe area. Use a tire iron to break all the lugnuts loose. Then, use a jack to lift the vehicle off the ground and slide a jack stand in next to it to ensure the vehicle can’t fall. Remove the lugnuts the rest of the way and remove the wheel from the vehicle.

How to jump start a car with a dead battery?

Start by connecting jumper cables to the positive (+) first and then the negative (-) terminal of your battery. [8]

How to check for a leaking vacuum line?

1. Look for cracks or leaks in the hoses. A leaking vacuum line can cause all sorts of problems in your vehicle. Inspect the rubber hoses in your engine bay for signs of cracking or damage. You can also try spraying soapy water over all of the hoses from a spray bottle to help identify leaks.

How to replace a battery that has been left out for a long time?

If your battery has been allowed to die too many times, or has sat unused for a long time, it will likely need to be replaced. Use the appropriate sized wrench or socket to loosen the bolt holding the battery in place, as well as the bolts holding the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals in place.

What do you press to release a wiper blade?

Some wipers may have a notch or tab you need to press to release the blade from the arm.

How to remove battery from engine bay?

Slide the cables off the battery terminals, then pull the battery up and out of the engine bay.

How to check tread depth on a truck?

Use a penny to check the depth of the tread on your tires. Insert a penny into the tread with Lincoln’s head upside down. If the tread doesn’t cover the top of Lincoln’s head, the tires need to be replaced. On larger tires meant for trucks, a quarter should be used instead of a penny.

What are the basic car repairs?

Here are 10 basic car repairs you should know. 1. Changing oil. You need to regularly check and change your car’s oil to ensure smooth running of the vehicle and to prolong the lifespan of its engine. Changing your car’s oil is one of the most fundamental DIY skills you should have for car maintenance or repair.

How to replace a faulty spark plug?

The steps include: locating your spark plugs, removing the spark plug wire, removing the faulty spark plug, inserting the new spark plug in its place, and putting the wire back. You’re done! Make sure to watch a tutorial before you do it yourself.

How to loosen lug nuts?

Basic steps involve loosening the lug nuts (with a wrench), using a jack stand to lift the car off the ground, removing the lug nuts (and subsequently the tire), placing the spare tire on, wrenching the lug nuts back on, lowering the car, and finally making sure the lug nuts are tight. Simple. 3. Changing spark plugs.

How to replace brake pads with new ones?

Basic steps involve loosening the lug nuts of the wheels, jacking the car up, removing the wheels, removing the slider bolts, removing the older brake pads and replacing them with new ones, and putting the slider bolts and the wheels back on securely . You should be particularly careful if you’re using replica wheels. This is another simple DIY that can save you some money!

How to drain oil from a car?

Basic steps involve draining the oil by removing the oil drain plug, unscrewing the oil filter and emptying it, putting the oil filter and drain plug back, removing the oil filler hole cap, and pouring fresh oil. Nothing you can’t learn from the tons of tutorials available online!

What is the worst thing you can do to your metal monster?

Scratches are the absolute worst. Even the tiniest scratches are visible from a distance and can kill the overall appearance of your metal monster. Unfortunately, it may cost you thousands to get them removed in a body shop. But you can save the money and the frustration with a simple DIY job.

Why do you need to change brake pads?

Changing brake pads. The brakes are one of the most important elements of your vehicle for ensuring your safety while driving. Many car accidents result from brake failures, so your car’s brakes always need to be in perfect condition. Thankfully, changing the brake pads can be as easy as changing a flat tire.

How to speed up a car's refill?

If you want to speed up the refill process then dump the can in some warm water or heat it with a hair drier. Do not use heat guns, gas burners or boiling hot water. Once there is some pressure some pressure in the system, turn on the engine and the a/c fan to max.

How to check if your car has low Freon?

1. Replace thermostat 2. Set to driving condition 3. Check for excessive duct hose length, kink or bend. If you can't get your a/c to turn on then use this chart to determine if you are low on freon. Remember that this is a general char and will very for different makes and model cars and refrigeration units.

Can you fill a can of Freon with UV dye?

NEVER fill through the high pressure side as tough this may cause the can to explode. If you are adding a can of Freon with UV dye or oil you need to have the can upside down. This will cause liquid instead of gas to come out; you should open the low side valve just a little bit in order to have a little bit flowing.

How long do tires last?

It's easy to take your car's tires for granted. Today's rubber lasts for tens of thousands of miles and rarely fails, so tires don't need to be top-of-mind. But understanding how and why to keep them properly inflated, when they should be rotated, and how to change them safely should you have a tire failure out on the road is knowledge every driver should be armed with.

What is the lifeblood of a car?

Oil is the lifeblood of your vehicle's engine. If your engine's oil level is properly maintained and the oil and filter are changed at the recommended intervals engines can last an amazingly long time. Your car's other fluids—including brake fluid, antifreeze, and diesel exhaust fluid—need to be maintained and occasionally replaced as well. Here's everything you need to know about how to maintain your vehicle's oil supply and its other key fluid levels.

Do you have to be a certified mechanic to maintain a vehicle?

Don't be afraid of the word "maintenance." You don't have to be a certified auto technician, have a vehicle lift in your garage, or own a tool chest full of expensive wrenches to handle the simple tasks that will keep your vehicle running reliably and safely for years to come.

Can you add stuff to your car?

If you're the kind of person for whom a car is more than just transportation, or someone who needs their car to carry the gear it takes for adventures, there's no end of stuff you can add to your ride. You can accessorize your vehicle to transport your bikes and boards or even give you a place to crash for the night.

Is driving a car complicated?

Driving a car is complicated. That 's why companies that have spent billions developing cars that drive themselves—and have yet to perfect them. Knowing how to drive safely in snow and on wet, slippery roads, how to parallel park, or how to use high beams politely—and all of the other things it takes to be a good driver—takes time and experience to learn. We have some shortcuts for you here born out of our extensive experience driving and testing automobiles in all kinds of conditions.

Should I take defensive driving classes?

If you're a new driver, we recommend taking more than just the standard driver's ed classes. If at all possible, we encourage parents to send their kids to a defensive-driving course where they can get experience with accident avoidance techniques—including how to use anti-lock brakes—in a safe track environment.

Do you need tools to check fluids?

For simple things, like fluid checks, you won't need tools. But once you start taking care of your vehicle, you'll be surprised at what you can accomplish by following simple directions like those in these accompanying how-to stories. And as you get more adventurous you can try a couple of the more advanced operations that do take a few tools. Doing it yourself will save you money as well.

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