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how to repair hard disk

by Tia Stiedemann DVM Published 2 years ago Updated 1 year ago

[Solution] How to Fix Hard Drive Windows 10

  1. Solution 1. Reinstall Your Hard Drive’s Driver. If your computer cannot read your external hard drive, you can connect...
  2. Solution 2. Check and Fix Hard Drive Errors with Third-party HDD Repair Tool. You can use a professional HDD repair tool...
  3. Solution 3. Repair Hard Disk Error with CHKDSK...

You can fix the 'Disk Structure Corrupted and Unreadable' error by:
  1. Unplugging and re-plugging the external HDD or USB drive.
  2. Uninstalling and reinstalling disk drive.
  3. Running hardware and device troubleshooter.
  4. Running disk scan for hard drive errors.
  5. Running CHKDSK command.
Jun 29, 2022

Full Answer

How to fix your computer harddrive in under 5 min.?

Tidy up computer space with Disk Cleanup

  • Choose Start→My Computer or Start→My Computer. ...
  • Right-click the drive you want to check and choose Properties from the shortcut menu. ...
  • Click the General tab, if it isn’t already open. ...
  • 4. ...
  • Clear the check boxes next to any files that you want to keep; check the check boxes next to any additional files that you want to clear off the disk. ...
  • Click OK. ...

More items...

How to physically clean a hard drive disk?

  • You pull the drive and connect it to another computer than can securely erase it. This is usually easiest and sufficient for almost all cases.
  • Physically destroy the drive, turning the platters into small fragments. ...
  • [added later] Boot off a USB stick or CD into something that can erase the drive.

How to remove a hard disk from a computer safely?


  • Method 1: Completely wipe computer HDD by resetting your PC
  • Method 2: Wipe a hard drive using free disk eraser – DiskGenius Free Edition
  • Method 3: Clean PC hard drive by physically destroying it. It's common to most users to sell or give away computer or hard drive when they want to dispose of ...

How do you clean up hard disk?

How to clean a hard drive in Windows 10/8/7 safely and easily:

  1. Install and open this tool. Backup important files if necessary, then navigate to Tools tab and choose Disk Wipe.
  2. Choose a Wiping Type to determine what to clean, select Wipe disk here and click Next to proceed.
  3. Select the hard drive you want to clean. ...
  4. Choose a Wiping Method with the safety level and speed you want, hit Start to wipe the hard drive.


How do I fix a corrupted hard drive?

You can fix a corrupted hard drive via CHKDSK command. Type cmd in the Windows search box. Right-click the best match and then choose Run as admini...

Can hard disks be repaired?

There are two types of sectors, a hard and soft sector. In most cases, Windows is able to repair a soft bad sector, as it's almost always related t...

How much does it cost to recover data from a damaged hard drive?

To recover data from a damaged hard drive will only cost you less than $100 with a piece of professional data recovery software, but the prerequisi...

How do I recover data from a crashed hard drive?

Get MiniTool Partition Wizard Pro Ultimate from its official website and install it on your PC. Launch Data Recovery. Then select the partition whe...

How to keep HDD in good condition?

The best way to keep your HDD in good condition is to use the CHKDSK command utility. This utility scans the hard drive, corrects logical sector errors, marks bad sectors that cannot be fixed, and moves data to safe, healthy places on the hard drive. It's a handy tool, but it doesn't operate automatically.

What does it mean when a disk has a bad sector?

When a drive incurs this kind of operational bug, the unreadable parts of the drive are reclassified as bad sectors . When a disk has a bad sector, it doesn't necessarily mean there's anything physically wrong with the disk drive; it usually means that the drive can probably be repaired with software.

How to run check disk utility?

To run the check disk utility on a PC with one drive, enter chkdsk. This command only checks your disk for errors; it won't fix any problems it finds. To fix problems, you must add command switches, which are optional parameters that tell a command-line utility to take an extra step.

Does CHKDSK work automatically?

It's a handy tool, but it doesn't operate automatically. Also, there are a few things you'll need to do if it gets stuck scanning while you're running it. The step-by-step process of how to run CHKDSK differs depending on the version of Windows.

Is CHKDSK needed for SSD?

The utility is primarily meant for PCs with hard disk drives, so if you have a computer with a solid state drive (SSD), CHKDSK isn't necessary. SSDs come with a built-in system to deal with errors.

Why is my hard drive corrupted?

Hard drive can become damaged or corrupted due to various hard drive errors like bad sectors on hard drive, file system corruptions. So you must learn these basic tips. After reading this article, you may find that hard drive repair is not so complicated.

How to uninstall hard drive?

Right-click the hard disk with hard drive failure and then click Uninstall device to uninstall the drive. Step 4. Restart the computer and connect the hard drive. The drivers will start installing automatically in most cases. After restarting, you can check if your external hard drive can be read.

What to do if your computer cannot read your external hard drive?

If your computer cannot read your external hard drive, you can connect it to another PC to see if the drive can be read and work normally. If it works, you can make external hard drive repair by reinstalling the device drivers on your computer. Here are detailed steps for you to reinstall your hard drive's drivers.

Can a hard bad sector be repaired?

Formatting the drive will almost always fix this. But, if it's a hard bad sector, this indicates physical damage , which cannot be repaired.

Can a hard drive run into problems?

Hard drives can run into problems sometimes. This article will show you how to make hard drive repair and recover data from a hard drive. When your hard drive needs to be repaired, you can try the top 4 solutions in this article to fix the hard drive.

How to repair a corrupted hard drive?

Follow the instructions below to run CHKDSK scan and repair corrupt hard drive without formatting: 1 Open an elevated Command Prompt window 2 Make sure the corrupt drive is connected to the system 3 Assign a letter to the corrupt drive via Disk Management tool, if it doesn’t have one

Can Windows recognize a corrupted hard drive?

While Windows may not recognize a corrupt hard drive as usable, this software natively supports recovery from a corrupt (RAW) hard drive. Just follow the steps mentioned in the video to get back the data quickly. Now that you have recovered data from the corrupt hard drive, format the drive to repair it.

How to repair a corrupted hard drive?

It can also selectively clean up different partitions to repair the corrupted internal hard drive. 1. Double-click "My Computer/This PC" and then click "Manage". 2. Click "Disk Management" in the list on the left. 3. Right-click on the local hard drive you want to format and select "Format".

Why is my hard drive corrupted?

The hard drive may be attacked by the virus or physical damage due to power failure or unsafe ejection and so on. That makes it corrupts easily, no matter an internal hard disk or external hard drive. Formatting will erase your important data. You may have stored a lot of files there.

What to do if you can't read your hard drive?

If you fail to read hard drive, for an external hard drive, try to plug hard drive into another USB port and open your hard drive again. As for the power check of the internal hard disk, there may be challenges. But if the PC can detect the internal drive, repairing the damaged internal hard drive is independent of the power supply.

How to open a hard drive on another PC?

To do so, you can:. Step 1. Navigate to My PC, right click on it to find Manage and then click on Device Manager. Step 2.

What does it mean when you get a warning when you open a hard drive?

1. When you access the hard drive in "My Computer", receive a warning: "You need to format the disk in the drive before you can use it .". 2. A message of "H: is not accessible. The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable". prompts up when you intend to open your hard drive. 3.

Why is my hard drive not spinning up?

Some other causes are related to electronic failure as well. Electronic failure can cause the system BIOS to be unable to detect the hard drive. At times, how a hard drive works will be affected, that is, it will not be able to spin up. One can also experience startup failure due to Electronic failure.

How long does a hard drive last?

Depending on how you use your hard drive, the normal life duration of a hard drive is usually 3 to 4 years. In some circumstances, it could live up to 6 years with good care. However, all this time the life of a hard drive slowly degrades and thus will eventually reach its end.

Why is my hard drive not detected?

With this issue, there is no cause for alarm. There are a few possible reasons and though a hard drive failure may be a reason, it is not the only reason why the hard drive is not detected. Among some of the reasons why the hard drive is not detected will include the fact that one may be having two hard drives on a PC and one is thus not detected. This could be due to a connection fault. Another reason why the hard drive might not be detected is that of updates and upgrade. This is usually a common occurrence with those using Windows 10 and repairing disk errors windows 10, is not that hard if correct steps are followed.

What is a full HDD?

On the other hand, the HDD in full is the Hard Disk Drive. It normally is designed as a mechanical device consisting of spinning or moving parts. These parts include the platters which carry the disk, a reading, or writing head which normally moves over the disk while reading or writing data, among many other parts.

Why does my hard drive make a clicking sound?

When a hard drive clicking sound is heard, it immediately identifies that the hard drive is not functioning properly and a hard drive failure is fast approaching. To understand where the click sound comes from, one should first know how a hard drive works.

What is a hard drive called?

A hard drive goes by many names depending on the user. Some will call it the hard disk others the fixed disk or drive or even fixed disk drive. All these names refer to the hard disk, including the version hard disk drive .

What is the difference between an SSD and a HDD?

There are many differences between an SSD vs HDD. To start, an SSD is fully termed as a Solid-State Drive and the configuration design of an SSD is like that of a USB Drive. What this means is that it has no moving parts, neither does it have a reading and writing head or even data disks. It comprises a set of chips or a chip, depending on the storage capacity, arranged together.

What causes a hard disk to fail?

Hard disk errors are typically caused by power outages, hardware failures, poor system maintenance, viruses, or human error. To fix disk errors, you can use the Chkdsk tool found in Windows operating systems.

How to use chkdsk to fix disk error?

How to Use Chkdsk to Fix Hard Disk Errors. Click My Computer then click once on the hard disk that you want to check, which will highlight it and allow you to select the drive. Right-click on the drive and a window will appear. Click Properties, then Tools from the choices presented. Click Check Now which can be found under Error-checking.

How to fix a corrupted hard drive?

Run Antivirus. Connect the hard drive to another Windows PC and use a reliable antivirus to scan the drive. Sometimes, viruses and malware can cause such errors. Therefore, an antivirus scan may repair the corrupted hard drive and make the drive accessible. 2. Check and Repair Hard Disk Error in Windows 10/8/7.

How to format a hard drive for repair?

After successful data recovery from the corrupt hard drive, format the drive in Disk Management to repair hard disk. And then, move the restored data to the hard drive. Step 1. Right-click "This PC" and choose "Manage". Step 2.

How to check if a hard drive is corrupted?

Open "This PC/Computer", right-click the hard disk or partition which you want to check and click "Properties". Step 2. Select "Tools" and click "Check now" under Error-checking. Step 3. Check Disk Options dialog will show up and select any one of the following options to check and repair hard disk. Step 4.

What to do if your hard drive is a physical problem?

If it is a physical hard drive problem, you'll need to send your hard drive to the data recovery or repair service center.

Can a hard drive be formatted to fix a physical corruption?

Formatting the drive will almost always fix this. But, if it's a physical corruption, it can not be repaired.

How to repair a corrupted disk?

Step 1. Open AOMEI Partition Assistant, right-click the corrupted disk and select “Rebuild MBR”. Step 2. Select a proper MBR type for your current operating system and click “OK”. Step 3. In the main interface, click “Apply” on the top left corner to commit the pending operation.

How to reformat a corrupted hard drive?

Reformat the corrupted hard drive. Step 1. In the main interface of AOMEI Partition Assistant, right-click any partition of the corrupted disk and select “Format Partition”. Step 2. Select a file system (ex: FAT32) and click “OK”. Step 3. Click “Apply” to start formatting the partition.

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