Repairing Guides

how to repair the inside of a toilet

by Reymundo Kub Published 2 years ago Updated 1 year ago

Recommended fix: Check and adjust either the chain or the float.

  • Remove the tank lid and flush the toilet. If the flapper drops back into place before the end of the flush, remove some...
  • Watch the tank as it fills back up with water. When full, note how high the water level is compared to the top of the...
  • Locate the fill valve—whose purpose is to let water fill the...

Full Answer

How to unclog a toilet in 7 ways?

Method 2 Method 2 of 7: Making a Drain Cleaner

  1. Heat half a gallon of water. If the toilet tends to clog easily as the result of trying to flush too much waste, using a combination of hot water, ...
  2. Pour 1 cup baking soda and 2 cups vinegar into the toilet. The baking soda and vinegar create a chemical process that help to dissolve clogs.
  3. Pour the hot water into the bowl. ...

More items...

How do you troubleshoot a toilet?

You might not think of the humble public toilet as a rights battleground, but for many, finding safe, clean, accessible toilets is a challenge and can be a hindrance to a normal life. We look at how public toilets can be improved for all, and a project ...

How to fix a wobbly toilet in 5 easy ways?

We all learn every day, so it’s important to remember these things when you got a wobbly toilet:

  • Identify the problem
  • Get new replacement
  • Remove the toilet
  • Fix the damaged or faulty part

What causes a toilet not to flush completely?

There could be several reasons behind it, but the followings are the most common reason:

  • The Toilet Is Clogged.
  • Low water level in the toilet tank.
  • Problematic flapper of the toilet.
  • Clogged Rim Holes.
  • Problematic Lift Chain.


How do you fix the inside of a toilet?

0:4914:13How to Fix a Running Toilet & Replace All Internal Toilet Tank PartsYouTubeStart of suggested clipEnd of suggested clipAnd just kind of scoop the water into the hole with the flap open which I get as much water out asMoreAnd just kind of scoop the water into the hole with the flap open which I get as much water out as possible because you will be loosening these bolts. As well as this connection.

How much does it cost to rebuild the inside of a toilet?

On average, it will cost from $45 to $197 to repair a toilet yourself or between $130 and $310 to have professional repairs done by a plumber. The hourly charge for a plumbing contractor is $72 to $82, which does not include parts or materials.

Can you recoat the inside of a toilet bowl?

For painting over a stain or repairing the inside of your toilet, you'll want to use epoxy paint. It's also called an epoxy appliance paint. Since most toilets are the same shade of white, you should be fine getting the default white color for the paint.

What are the internal parts of a toilet?

Here are five critical parts of a typical toilet tank's anatomy.Rubber Flapper. The round, flat rubber flapper covers the hole at the bottom of the tank where water runs out to the toilet bowl when you flush. ... Fill Valve. ... Fill Float. ... Flush Lever and Chain. ... Overflow Tube.

How often do toilets need to be replaced?

Most plumbers agree that an average toilet can last around 50 years. However, this is only when the toilet is well maintained and gently used. If it was improperly installed or frequently misused, it may not last as long.

How often should you replace the wax ring on a toilet?

20 to 30 yearsIn theory, the wax ring “should” last the lifetime of the toilet, or certainly 20 to 30 years.

Can you restore porcelain toilet?

Using a Refinishing Kit Repair any minor dents or scratches using the bonding agent in your repair kit. Once it has dried, you will need to sand the bonding agent down until it is flush with the bowl surface. When you are satisfied with the look of the toilet, you can move on to the finish.

How much does toilet reglazing cost?

The cost can range from $20-$40 dollars depending on where one purchases their supplies from. Step Two – Remove the toilet from its base, and bring it outside as there is a risk of fumes or paint spilling in close quarters.

Can you refurbish an old toilet?

My basic premise for any toilet restoration is that as long as the porcelain tank and bowl are not cracked, or there are no significant chips and no sections missing, it can be restored. These photos illustrate the process of the toilet rebuilding. The tank and lid are original to my house.

What's the hole in the toilet called?

Bowl: The lower area of a toilet where the seat is mounted. Rim holes: The holes which allow water to refill the bowl from around the edge.

How do you fix a fill valve?

0:171:23Toilet Repair Tips : How to Fix the Refill Valve for a Toilet TankYouTubeStart of suggested clipEnd of suggested clipAnd inside will be a plunger that needs to be replaced. You just take those down match them up onceMoreAnd inside will be a plunger that needs to be replaced. You just take those down match them up once you've matched it up and you've got the same one. You just work everything in Reverse snap.

What is the part called that connects from the toilet to the wall?

The pipe that connects a toilet pan to the wall or plumbing is called a flush pipe, and the rubber part on the end is called a flush cone. These parts can be replaced if they are broken or start leaking. Click here for more information.

How much does it cost to replace toilet flange?

around $145 to $165If your toilet is creaking or wobbling, you may need to replace the flange. For a plumber, replacing a toilet flange is a quick and easy job. Assuming no other complications pop up, you can expect to pay around $145 to $165 for this simple repair.

How much does it cost to reseat a toilet?

While a professional plumber can change as much as $200 for a service call to reset a toilet, a DIYer can do it for just $10 to $20, the cost of a new wax ring. It does require careful work, however, to ensure that you don't crack or otherwise damage the toilet as you move it.

How much does it cost to fix a toilet?

Toilet Repair Cost Homeowners pay an average of $250 to fix a broken toilet. Project costs typically range from $148 and $359. In some cases, a professional plumber will charge a flat rate for a project. Depending on location, a pro might charge anywhere from $45 to $200 per hour for their services.

How much does it cost to replace the toilet bowl?

National Average:$371 According to Angi and HomeAdvisor, the cost to replace a toilet ranges from $224 to $532, with a national average of $371.

How to reset a toilet?

Reset the toilet by lowering it straight down with the base holes aligned over the protruding toilet bolts. It’s important to keep the toilet base level as you set it or you could damage the wax ring and have to do the whole thing over again. Recruit help, if necessary, to set the toilet.

How to clear a clogged toilet bowl?

Clearing the clog is super simple, and you probably have a toilet plunger already on hand. Simply insert the plunger into the bowl while it’s still full of water, pressing the mouth of the plunger firmly against the opening at the bottom of the bowl to form a seal.

How Does a Toilet Work?

The average toilet works via gravity and a siphoning effect. Water fills the toilet bowl about halfway, while additional water is stored in the tank. When someone depresses the toilet handle, the seal between the tank and the bowl (called a flapper) lifts, and water from the tank floods into the bowl. The water pressure forces the contents of the bowl to flow out of the toilet through the drain.

How to drain toilet water?

Turn off the water supply, and then flush the toilet to drain the tank and bowl. Some residual water will remain in the bowl after flushing—be sure to bail it out with a cup or use a wet-type vacuum. There should be no water in the toilet tank.

What is the lever that raises the flapper in the tank when the toilet is flushed?

Handle: The outwardly visible lever that raises the flapper in the tank when the toilet is flushed to allow water to run into the bowl.

Why does my toilet stop flushing?

If the toilet starts to flush but then stops, the chain may be too loose (causing the flapper to close prematurely) or the fill valve may be allowing insufficient water into the tank. Here, toilet repairs can be as simple as adjustments made to these components. If you find yourself having to hold the handle down for the entire flush, the following steps will get your commode flushing correctly again.

What happens after a toilet flush?

After the flush, the flapper settles back into place, and clean water from a water supply line flows into the tank until the water level reaches a predetermined point , which causes the water flow to cease until the next flush. Here are the various parts you may encounter when repairing a toilet:

How to stop water from running in toilet?

Turn on the shutoff valve for the toilet and allow the tank to fill until the water stops running into the tank. Put the cover on the tank. If you hear water start to run, the ball float is being pushed down by the cover and opening the ballcock valve.

What is the ballcock valve on a toilet?

By William Machin. The workings in many old-style toilets consist of a ballcock valve and a ball float that screws onto the end of an actuator rod. In many cases, a homeowner bends the rod to adjust the height of the float because the water doesn't shut off. Most often, however, the problem with the workings results from mineral deposits, ...

How to remove a ball float from a ballcock valve?

Unscrew the end of the actuator rod from the lever on the top of the ballcock valve. Set the rod and ball float aside. Remove and save the screws that attach the lever assembly to the top of the ballcock valve. Lift off the assembly. Peel off the the old rubber diaphragm. Save the lever assembly and discard the diaphragm.

How to clean a ballcock?

Hold a small plastic bucket upside down over the top of the ballcock. Slowly turn on the shutoff valve until you hear water running. Let the water run for a few seconds to clear out loose mineral deposits inside the stem of the ballcock. Turn off the shutoff valve.

How to attach a chain to a tank?

Detach the lower end of the chain from the clip on the rubber flapper. Detach the flapper from the prongs at each side of the hole in the bottom of the tank. Discard the old flapper. Attach the new flapper onto the prongs and connect the lower end of the chain to the clip.

How to remove bend in actuator rod?

Remove a bend in the actuator rod by placing the rod across one knee bending it straight. Screw the end of the rod into the hole on the lever assembly and tighten it by hand.

What is the fill tube in a toilet?

The fill tube is a small rubber tube that runs from the fill valve to the inside of the overflow valve. After a toilet is flushed, water enters the tank and refills the bowl. The bowl is refilled by the fill tube as water flows down the overflow valve and into the bowl.

What is the most intimidating part of a toilet?

The most intimidating part of a toilet is inside the tank. To access the inside of the tank, remove the lid. Be careful with the lid as it’s porcelain and will crack if stepped on or dropped.

What is the difference between a balloon float and a toilet?

Older toilets will use a balloon float while newer toilets use a smaller valve that is attached to the fill valve. Air in the float makes it rise as the tank is filled and once at a specified level the float will automatically stop water flow ( learn how to adjust the water level by adjusting the float ).

What is the function of a toilet flapper?

Flapper. The flapper is connected to the chain and controls water traveling from the tank to the bowl. When the toilet is flushed, the flapper rises and water flows forcefully into the bowl ( how to choose the right toilet flapper ).

Why is my toilet bowl slow to flush?

There are small holes around the rim of the bowl that allow water to enter the bowl. If you live in an area with hard water, calcium and other minerals can block the rim feed holes and reduce the power of your flush ( clogged rim holes are a reason for a slow flushing toilet ).

How does a toilet trap work?

Once the toilet is flushed, the water will travel through the trap. The trap keeps gas and waste from coming back into the bowl. From time to time you might have a clog in your trap that a double flush or plunger can fix.

What is a trap in a toilet?

The trap is the area that water passes through the toilet after being flushed. The trap minimizes the chance of clogs and keeps gas from entering your bathroom from the pipes ( best ways to unclog your toilet ).

What is the bowl of a toilet?

Your home toilet consists of two major parts: the bowl unit that rests on the floor, and the upper tank that holds the water that is released each time you flush the toilet. The bowl is little more than a solid piece of porcelain drain fixture with no moving parts at all. With only a few exceptions, there aren't many repairs that involve the bowl.

Why is there a puddle of water in my toilet?

While a little condensation is normal in the summer months, an actual puddle of water at the base of your toilet indicates a real problem. There is a great chance this water is dirty, so to keep the problem from worsening, it's best to avoid using your toilet until it's fixed.

How does a fill valve work?

Whatever the design, the fill valve works to automatically open the water supply valve when the water level falls in the tank during a flush, then shuts off automatically when the water level rises to a specific level in the tank. Depending type of design, the valve is operated either by a floating ball or a float cup that moves up and down with the water level in the tank. Floatless fill valves operate by sensing water pressure at the bottom of the tank.

How does a toilet flush valve work?

Integrated into the flush valve is a vertical overflow tube that extends up into the tank from the base of the flush valve. The role of the overflow tube is both to prevent water from overflowing the tank, and also to allow a small amount of water to flow down into the toilet bowl as the tank is refilling. A small refill tube placed into the top of the overflow tube allows a small stream of water to flow down into the bowl during the refill cycle. This restores the level of standing water in the toilet bowl, keeping the trap sealed.

What is the function of a flapper in a toilet?

The flapper or float ball seats against the val ve opening and keeps water in the tank until the flush handle is operated. When the handle is depressed, a chain or lift wire connected to the handle rod lifts the flapper away from the valve seat and allows the water to flush down out of the tank and into the toilet bowl.

Why is my toilet running?

The problem occurs either because the flapper is not seating itself correctly in the opening of the flush valve, or because the water level in the tank is too high and allows water to flow over the top of the overflow tube and down into the tank.

How does a toilet tank work?

The toilet tank's function is to hold a quantity of water until you flush the toilet, at which time the water in the tank rushes down through an opening in the bottom of the tank and into the bowl, forcing waste out of the bowl and into the home's drain and sewer lines. There are two major components in the tank ...

What to do if you spot a crack in your toilet tank?

If you spot a toilet crack in the tank, mark it and keep an eye on it to make sure it doesn't get any worse. It can be useful to take a picture of the crack for later comparison. A crack that is below the water level will have to be fixed. Unfortunately, a toilet tank crack can be hard to spot.

How to check for leaks in toilet?

Open the shutoff valve to the toilet by turning its handle all the way counterclockwise. Let the toilet tank refill, then flush the toilet and check for leaks.

How to stop a hairline leak in a toilet?

If you have a hairline crack in the tank or the bowl, experts say you may be able to stop the leak by sealing the crack with waterproof epoxy. Epoxy can also be effective for cracks at the base of the toilet, such as cracks or breakage around the bolts that secure the toilet to the floor. Cracks under the water line in a toilet bowl are more ...

What does it mean when you find water in the toilet bowl?

If you find water on the floor near the toilet, a leak in the bowl is a possibility. Keep in mind that water may leak only occur when you flush the toilet, so flush while you check around the bowl for the crack that is causing the leak. Cracks in a toilet bowl can be difficult to identify, so it is a good idea to check for cracks on a regular basis.

How do you know if a toilet is cracked?

When the toilet crack is visible in the part of the bowl that retains water, you'll probably need to replace the toilet. An invisible crack is also a possibility, and it can be indicated by two different symptoms: standing water on the floor outside of the toilet, or missing water. Experts note that a small invisible leak can cause water ...

How to tell if toilet tank is cracked?

Finding Cracks in a Toilet Tank 1 A crack above the water level is usually not a problem unless the crack grows slowly. If you spot a toilet crack in the tank, mark it and keep an eye on it to make sure it doesn't get any worse. It can be useful to take a picture of the crack for later comparison. 2 A crack that is below the water level will have to be fixed. Unfortunately, a toilet tank crack can be hard to spot. If you suspect a leak from the toilet tank, start by checking the seals between the tank and the bowl. Next, check the tank carefully for a crack in the porcelain. You may have to look both on the outside and the inside of the tank to see it.

Why is my toilet cracking?

A cracked toilet can be a perplexing plumbing problem because the cracks are not always easy to spot. In some cases, the crack may have occurred when the toilet was first manufactured but does not surface for many years. Other times, a toilet can mysteriously develop a crack at any time and start leaking. More obvious cracking can occur due ...

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